CHAPTER 11

1) And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.

2)But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

3) And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

4) These are the two olive trees, and the two candlestick standing before the God of the earth. 

5) And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.

6) These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

7) And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

8) And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.

9) And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and a half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.

10) And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.

11) And after three days and a half the spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.

12) And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

13) And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14) The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.

15) and the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, THE KINGDOMS OF THIS WORLD ARE BECOME THE KINGDOMS OF OUR LORD, AND OF HIS CHRIST; AND HE SHALL REIGN FOR EVER AND EVER.

16) And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshiped God.

17) Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned.

18) And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great: and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

19) And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

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11:1- Measuring the temple signifies God's ownership of it. Dan 9:27, 12:11, Mt. 24:15, 2 th 2:4.  A rebuilt temple will exist during the Tribulation, but it will be a temple of rejection, which god does not acknowledge. 

11:2- Not measuring the outer court signifies God's rejection of non-believers that have persecuted and oppressed his people. 2 Ki 25:8-10, Ps 79:1, Is 63:18, Lam 1, 10  Tread...Holy city...42 months- Future devastating force of Antichrist and gentiles upon Israel.

11:3-11:12) The 2 witnesses- For 3 1/2 years, these witnesses are commissioned and protected by God to prophesy and evangelize God's will and plan to an unwilling unrepentant Israel.

11:3- Widely believed to be the manifestation of Moses and Elijah. Dt 18:15-18, Mal 4:5-6, Jn 1:21, 3.  

1260 days- Believed to be the first half of the final 7 years of the end of the age.  Sackcloth represents mourning, humility and penitence.

11:4- Lampstands- Zech 3,4 the light of spiritual revival. The use of this term could also suggest another interpretation that the two witnesses are representative of two churches(Rev. 1:20) Possibly the 2 faithful churches that received no condemnation from Christ. But the more accepted belief is that they are Moses and Elijah. 1) they strike with plagues like Moses. 2) Jewish tradition holds that the 2 will return in the future. 3) Both Moses and Elijah were present at the transfiguration. 4) both used supernatural means to provoke repentance. 5) Elijah never died but was taken to heaven in a whirlwind by God. 6) Moses' body was never found. 7) Length of drought 3 1/2 years, same as Elijah's. Whichever belief, these 2 will preach the gospel to an unbelieving Israel for the final 3 1/2 years of the tribulation, and spark a revival of messianic Jews. 

God of the earth- Antichrist.

11:5- Refers to either literal fire or a euphemism for condemnation that brings spiritual death. Either way they are supernaturally protected. 

11:6 Rev 11:4, Mt 17:1-5, Jude 9, The power to stop it from raining and to call down plagues suggest the more popular theory that these two are the physical manifestation of Moses and Elijah.

11:7- The Antichrist will overpower the two witnesses killing them the people will be glad, blaming the 2 for the suffering. 

11:8 Jerusalem in bondage Gal 4:24-25The 2 of them (or several, depending on your view) will lie dead in the streets of Jerusalem which will refuse to bury them which shows contempt for the dead who in their view tormented them. Acts 14:19. 

11:9 Dt 21:22-23 forbids this practice, they don't care. Which shows contempt for God

11:10- Holiday merriment, like independence day,  will ensue over the deaths of those who they believe tormented the earth.

11:11 The purpose revealed in 11:7, to bring glory to God. Fear because they now know this is of God. This is not the rapture, nothing even points in that direction

11:12 Luke 16:31, fufilled before the eyes of unbelievers.

11:13- They will all know that God is responsible, not all will be saved. Lk 17:18-19, Zech 12:10, Rom 11:25-27 

11:14 The kingdom is about to be ushered in. 

**11:15 Have become, present tense, not will become, key verse that points to the theory listed at the beginning of chap 12. 

11:16 See note 4:4 

11:17 The Judgment seat of God is about to take place. 

11:18 On those who were scared, but now filled with defiant rage. Ps 2:1-9, Is 24:17-23, 26:20-21, 30:27-33, Ez 38:16, 2 th 1:5-10, Mt 25:31-46, Jn 5:25-29, Ot saints first, Dan 12:1-3, 22:12, 1 cor 3:8, 4:5, then new, 1 cor 15:51-52, 1 th 4:13-18, 20:4, then condemn unbelievers. 11:19 Same as the 7th bowl judgment.